Ontario's Herpetofauna

Listed below are the 48 reptiles and amphibians native to Ontario, Canada. Also included is each species' current status of protection in the province.

Snakes (17)

 

Blue Racer (Coluber contrictor foxi)

"Endangered"


Butlers Gartersnake (Thamnophis butleri)

"Endangered"


Dekay's Brownsnake (Storeria dekayi)

"Not Assessed"


Eastern Foxsnake (Pantherophis gloydi)

Carolinian population "Endangered", Georgian Bay population "Threatened"


Eastern Gartersnake (Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis)

"Not Assessed"


Eastern Hog-nosed Snake (Heterodon platirhinos)

"Threatened"


Eastern Ribbonsnake (Thamnophis sauritus)

"Special Concern"


Gray Ratsnake (Pantherophis spiloides)

Carolinian population "Endangered", Great Lakes-St.Lawrence population "Threatened"


Lake Erie Watersnake (Nerodia sipedon insularum)

"Special Concern"


 Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus)

Carolinian population "Endangered", Great Lakes-St.Lawrence population "Threatened"


Eastern Milksnake (Lampropeltis triangulum)

Recently down-listed from "Special Concern"


Northern Ring-necked Snake (Diadophis punctatus)

"Not Assessed"


Northern Watersnake (Nerodia sipedon sipedon) - 

"Not At Risk"


Queensnake (Regina septemvittata)

"Endangered"


Red-bellied Snake (Storeria occipitomaculata)

"Not Assessed"


Red-sided Gartersnake (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis)

"Not Assessed"


Smooth Greensnake (Opheodrys vernalis)

"Not Assessed"

Frogs and Toads (13)

 

American Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus) - 

"Not Assessed"


American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus) - 

"Not Assessed"


Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata) - 

"Not Assessed"


Fowler's Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri) - 

"Endangered"


Gray Treefrog (Hyla versicolor)

"Not Assessed"


Green Frog (Lithobates clamitans) - 

"Not Assessed"


Mink Frog (Lithobates septentrionalis) -

"Not Assessed"


Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens) - 

"Not At Risk"


Pickerel Frog (Lithobates palustris) -

"Not At Risk"


Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) -

"Not Assessed"


Western Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata) -  

Carolinian population "Not At Risk", Great Lakes–St. Lawrence population "Threatened"


Wood Frog  (Lithobates sylvaticus)

"Not Assessed"

Salamanders (12)

Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus ochrophaeus)

"Endangered"

 
Blue-spotted Salamander
(Ambystoma laterale) - 

"Not Assessed"


Central Newt
(Notophthalmus viridescens louisianensis)

"Not Assessed"


Eastern Red-backed Salamander
(Plethodon cinereus)

"Not Assessed"


Four-toed Salamander
(Hemidactylium scutatum)

"Not At Risk"


Jefferson Salamander
(Ambystoma jeffersonianum)

"Endangered"


Mudpuppy
(Necturus maculosus)

"Not At Risk"


Northern Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus fuscus)

"Endangered"

Northern Two-lined Salamander
(Eurycea bislineata)

"Not Assessed"


Red-spotted Newt
(Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens) - "Not Assessed"


Small-mouthed Salamander
(Ambystoma texanum)

"Endangered"

Spotted Salamander
(Ambystoma maculatum)

"Not Assessed"

Turtles (9)

 

Blanding's Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii)

"Threatened"


Eastern Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus)

"Special Concern"


Midland Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta marginata)

"Not Assessed"


Northern Map Turtle (Graptemys geographica)

"Special Concern"


Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina)

"Special Concern"


Spiny Softshell (Apalone spinifera) -

"Endangered"


Spotted Turtle (Clemmys guttata)

"Endangered"


Western Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta bellii)

"Not At Risk"


Wood  Turtle (Glyptemys insculpta)

"Endangered"

Lizards (1)

 Five-lined Skink (Plestiodon fasciatus)

Carolinian population "Endangered", Great Lakes-St.Lawrence population "Threatened"

Extirpated Species

The term "Extirpated" means locally extinct. These 4 species disappeared from Ontario likely due to human acts, such as habitat destruction and direct persecution. It is arguable whether a couple of these species were even native rather than transient - such as the case with both "Extirpated" salamander species listed below.


 Hopefully through Outreach Education we can help stop the disappearance of any more species in the province!



 Eastern Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)

One Confirmed Observation from 1915.


Northern Cricket Frog (Acri crepitans)

Last confirmed sighting from 1993.


Northern Spring Salamander (Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus)

Last confirmed sighting from late 1800's.


Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) -

Last confirmed sighting from 1941.

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